[10] Time plays a role in the development of soil from bare rock and the recovery of a community from disturbance.[9] From one year to another, ecosystems experience variation in their biotic and abiotic environments.
The tendency of an ecosystem to remain close to its equilibrium state, despite that disturbance, is termed its resistance.
On the other hand, the speed with which it returns to its initial state after disturbance is called its resilience.
Ecosystems are dynamic entities. They are subject to periodic disturbances and are in the process of recovering from some past disturbance.[10] When a perturbation occurs, an ecoystem responds by moving away from its initial state.

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